Tamil Nadu Government Increasing Access to Early Intervention

Tamil Nadu Government Increasing Access to Early Intervention
Therapy for Children with Special Needs with an aim to implement
a State Wide Porgramme
 His Excellency, Governor of TN to Inaugurate International
Conference on Feb 14, 2020
 “Globally recognized Early Intervention program by Amar Seva
Sangam” Impacts School Enrolment Rate of Children with Special
Needs to 85%”
Chennai, 10 Feb. 2020
The school enrolment rate of children with special needs improved from 69% to 85%
when they received early intervention therapy, finds a study by Amar Seva Sangam,
Ayikudi (ASSA), a premier non-profit organization in the field of disability management.
The study was conducted in association with the University of Toronto and McGill
University, Canada on the outcomes of ASSA’s Village-Based Early Intervention &
Rehabilitation Programme that covered 1152 children with special needs. The
programme was funded and supported by Grand Challenges Canada, Handi-Care Intl.,
Azim Premji Philanthropic Initiative and the Harvard Centre for the Developing Child.
The program has been awarded the prestigious MIT Solver Award, Vodafone Mobile for
Goods Award, World Cerebral Palsy Day Major Award in Medical / Therapeutics and
the Zero Project Inclusive Education Award to be presented at the United Nations in
Vienna in Feb 2020.
The programme uses a digital application to connect community rehabilitation workers
with rehabilitation specialists in order to provide early intervention therapy to children
with delayed development. This has improved their development and increased their
participation and integration in schools and society. The programme began in Oct. 2014
and has benefited 1152 children with special needs in the district of Tirunelveli, Tamil
Nadu and will continue to enrol new children and expand to new districts in Tamil Nadu.
The programme trained 2771 Anganwadi workers, village health nurses and community
rehabilitation workers in screening for delayed development and screened 52,036
children under the age of 6 in this district. They found a 2.1% prevalence rate of
developmental disabilities. In addition, more than 35,000 people in the surrounding
community showed improved knowledge about child development, early intervention

therapy and reduced stigma as a result of awareness camps conducted by ASSA. The
program showed improved engagement over time with rates of therapy attendance by
children improving from 60% in 2017 to 95% in 2019.
ASSA’s study found that the severity of disability and the lack of early intervention were
the two primary reasons that prevent the children with special needs from attending
schools. The lowest enrolment was seen with children with cerebral palsy (CP),
particularly those with more motor severity and cognitive impairment. Children with
higher early intervention program attendance levels had higher rates of achieving
school enrolment.
Mr. S. Sankara Raman, Secretary, ASSA, said, “Disability is a major barrier to access
to education in India. According to a 2016 study published in the Lancet, there are more
than 52.9 million children under the age of 5 in the world living with a disability, with 12
million in India and 100,000 in Tamil Nadu. There is an urgent need to address this
issue with quality early intervention to support children in the development of physical,
cognitive, emotional, sensory, behavioural, social and communication capabilities and
skills. This would increase inclusion and participation of those children in schools and
society.”
Commenting about the study, and the programme, Padma Shi S. Ramakrishnan, Founder President, Amar Seva Sangam , said, “this program is an excellent model for
adoption by other NGOs and governments both in India and abroad.”
Dr.Dinesh Krishna, the Director of Early Intervention programme for Amar Seva
Sangam stated, that Children in the high programme attendance groups had greater
improvement in “Functional Independence Measure for Children” (WeeFim) and Gross
Motor Function Measure (GMFM). Over time, their gross motor function, cognitive
scores, and their self-care abilities improved. Receptive and expressive speech
improved among all children in the programme. This family-centred programme used
validated scales to measure family empowerment and caregiver strain and found that
parents with medium and high programme participation had a statistically significant
reduction in caregiver burden and improved family empowerment compared to those
with low programme participation. In total, 74% of families had decreased strain, 73%
had improved family empowerment and 62% had improved child interaction.”
With a view to sharing its experiences in early intervention, and to highlight other
successful early intervention models and interventions from across the world, ASSA is
organizing an International conference on ‘Early intervention for children with special
needs’, in Chennai. The two-day conference (Feb 14th and 15th) is scheduled to be
inaugurated by Tamil Nadu Governor His Excellency, Banwarilal Purohit on February
14, 2020 in Chennai.
There will also be two pre-conference workshops on 13 February, 2020 on the topics of:
1) Designing, implementing, monitoring and scaling-up early intervention programs for
children with disabilities, and 2) Home-based early intervention for children with
developmental disabilities and cerebral palsy: A family-centred interdisciplinary
approach.

The International conference will have presentations from more than 50 experts on a
wide range of themes such as early identification, early stimulation, intervention through
play, assistive and adaptive technology, inclusive education, and social security
schemes, among others.
About 500 participants, including the executives of non-governmental organisations,
physiotherapists, occupational therapists, special educators, paediatricians, doctors
including neurologists and orthopaedic surgeons, research scholars, students,
professors, early childhood educators, psychologists, speech trainers, speech
pathologists, family counsellors, funders and senior government officials from different
parts of the country and the world are expected to attend the workshops and the
international conference.
The conference aims to offer a platform for the exchange and adoption of a significant
number of diverse experiences, and best practices in the field of early intervention that
would maximize children’s potential towards inclusion. The conference will also explore
sustainable social development models for overall economic growth through
rehabilitation and inclusion of children with developmental delays in society.
The research findings and the significant positive outcome of this programme has
initiated the State Government of Tamil Nadu to scale up the program by funding Amar
Seva Sangam to expand the programme to cover 3 full districts – Tenkasi, Tirunelveli
and Tuticoirn starting in April 2020. The Govt aims to make the programme available
state wide which will benefit 100,000 children with childhood disabilities.
ASSA is founded and run by professionals in wheelchairs. It empowers children, youth
and adults with special needs through early intervention, rehabilitation, education, skill
development and livelihood solutions in the southern parts of India. For more details,
visit www.amarseva.org

Maharashtra woos tourists from Tamil Nadu Chennai

Maharashtra woos tourists from Tamil Nadu
Chennai, Feb. 2020


The Directorate of Tourism, Government of Maharashtra, the State’s premier tourism
authority is hosting a three-day Roadshow in Tamil Nadu, spread across Chennai
and Madurai. This is as a part of a concerted new strategy to welcome domestic
tourists from Tamil Nadu to Maharashtra. The Chennai leg of the roadshow was held
on 5
th Feb 2020 at the Crowne Plaza Hotel while the Madurai roadshow will be held
on 7th Feb 2020 at the Courtyard Marriott hotel.
Maharashtra, which has a variety of tourist offerings, destinations and products, has
something for everyone, all throughout the year. The Hon’ble Minister of Tourism,
Government of Maharashtra Shri Aditya Thackeray addressed the audience through
a recorded video clip; invoked the historical relation between the people of the two
states and also stressed on the role tourism can play in being a harbinger of people
to people connect between the two states. An excerpt of his speech is mentioned
hereunder,
“The Roadshow showcased the various facets of Maharashtra, which has a coastline
of 720 km and has many natural beaches, historic forts, waterfalls, hill stations,
wildlife sanctuaries, 5 world heritage sites like Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta, Chhatrapati
Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Western Ghats, etc. The world’s third largest crater is
located at Lonar. The State also has significant religious places such as 5
Jyotirlingas, Shirdi, Ashtavinayak, Pandharpur, three and half Shakti Peethas, etc.”
Speaking at the occasion, Mr. Dilip Gawade, IAS, Director, Directorate of Tourism,
Govt. of Maharashtra, said, “with the exception of snow-capped mountains and
deserts, Maharashtra offers everything that India offers. We truly consider it as a
country within a state. Adorned by the beautiful Sahyadri ranges of the Western
Ghats and the sprawling belt of the Konkan Coast, the State is home to some of the
most unique wildlife, flora and fauna. We invite our brothers and sisters from the
South to come and visit the state and be a part of the magnificent experience that
the region will offer.”
Maharashtrians and Tamils are bound by their penchant for spice flavored food, love
for sea food and films. So, welcome to Maharashtra and take away some timeless
memories with you.

Vurve Signature Salon launches its Flagship store at Nungambakkam

Vurve Signature Salon launches its Flagship store at Nungambakkam

Vurve Signature Salon India is excited to announce the grand opening of their flagship store at Nungambakkam, Chennai. The new salon is located on No 22, 1st Floor, Khader Nawaz Khan Rd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600034 (Above D’Décor Showroom)

 

The salon is spread across 3600 sq.ft on one floor, and its location is in the midst of the hip and happening couture district – Khader Nawaz Khan Road, that’s dubbed as brand street of Chennai.

Relocating to its new address, this flagship salon is an ode and dedication to our clients and stylist. Growing clientele, love for art, space to express style and privacy for care, are the driving factors for the new home.

 

The design inspiration is a landscape factory model with a wonderful long glass facade which overlooks a beautiful green cover owing to the first floor presence. Concrete slabs, exposed brick wall through the styling section, reminiscent of old factory shop. The reception, does have its iconic RED Door and the new design element is the – multi-colored thread work, that adds the vibrant celebration note about the love of colour in Chennai!

 

Vurve Signature Salon marks its launch with soiree of Masterful Hair Show by iconic star Caroline Miguel and team Vurve. Caroline is the Artistic Head for L’Oreal Professionnel and mentor for Dream Team. She’s worked with L’Oreal Professionnel’s first-ever Indian brand ambassador – Twinkle Khanna and also styled many celebrities in fashion and movie industry.

About Vurve Signature Salon –

Vurve Salon offers comprehensive range of services include all hair services such as Haircut, Hair-Colour, Hair Rituals, Creative Makeover, Keratin, Makeup and Spa using the brands of Kerastase, L’Oreal, Skeyndor, Global Keratin, Depot – The Male Tool Co and OPI nails. We also offer a wide range of Signature Facials and Personalized Hair Rituals and a host of trendy manicures and pedicures too.

 

Vurve Signature Salon is co-owned by Rebecca Samuel, Sushil Thomas, Manoj Samuel, Sathya Marie with over nine years of experience in salon industry set-up and handling successful operations of 7 salons across Chennai and Bangalore. The team operates under the mission, “get in, get gorgeous, and get on with your life.”

Rebecca commented, “We love what we do. The mantra to a successful relationship between a salon and its client is – listen, understand, thrive to excel, be consistent, and always be innovative. The growth of the brand in inevitable but at this moment, we are enjoying the space that we in and embracing the true meaning of “Wellness” Industry”

 

Vurve Signature Salon is dedicated to consistently provide high customer satisfaction by rendering excellent service and quality products at an enjoyable atmosphere with an acceptable price and valued relationship.

 

 Appointments can be booked by calling the salon at +918883882012

HCL Foundation, the CSR wing of HCL Technologies, organized a Cycle Rally

 

 

HCL Foundation, the CSR wing of HCL Technologies, organized a Cycle Rally in Chennai on October 17 to advocate for social causes such as Road Safety, Peace and Substance Abuse. The rally, conducted to observe the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, started from the Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar to HCL Campus in Sholinganallur. It was led by the Scouts and Guides children from the city’s Police Children’s Clubs supported under HCL Gurukul program with HCL Foundation’s implementing NGO partner Don Bosco Anbu Illam.

Ms. Nidhi Pundhir, Director – HCL Foundation along with NGO partner Don Bosco Anbu Illam and 35 scouts and guides from HCL Foundation Police Boys and Girls Club flagged off the Road safety awareness cycle rally from Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar to HCL Campus in Sholinganallur that was organized in Chennai today.

Ms. Nidhi Pundhir, Director – HCL Foundation and Fr. Joseph Leo, the Director of Don Bosco Anbu Illam along with 35 scouts and guides from HCL Foundation Police Boys and Girls Club at Road safety awareness cycle rally from Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar to HCL Campus in Sholinganallur that was organized in Chennai today.

Ms. Nidhi Pundhir, Director – HCL Foundation along with along with NGO partner Don Bosco Anbu Illam and 35 scouts and guides from HCL Foundation Police Boys and Girls Club at Road safety awareness cycle rally organized in Chennai today.

Bone and Joint Hospital presents ‘Save your Knee’ campaign

 

Soundarapandian Bone and Joint Hospital presents ‘Save your Knee’ campaign on 12th October 2019 on the occasion of World Arthritis Day

We at Soundarapandian Bone and Joint hospital believe, we will also be conducting a free two day awareness camp that will be open to the public. At the camp, we will be providing free Bone Mineral Density Scans. We will also have our Senior Doctors and physiotherapists at the camp to address any and all concerns regarding knee pain and other bone/joint problems.

In addition to this, our Director, Dr. Sivamurugan will give a speech about arthritis and what we can do to prevent this chronic disease.

World Arthritis Day is celebrated globally every 12th October. It is a day designed to raise global awareness about Arthritis, the various ways we can prevent this disease and what we can do if we are living with it.

Soundarapandian Bone and Joint Hospital has always been an active participant of World Arthritis Day. For the past 15 years, we have conducted Walk-a-thons, Expos, Art Competitions, Conferences and many other activities to raise awareness among the general public about the disease. Knee Pain and Arthritis are becoming very common among the Indian population. Nearly 90% of all Indians suffer from damaged knee joints between the ages of 60-70

*DATE – 12th October & 13th October 2019*
*TIME – 7.00 am to 11.00 am & 4.00 pm to 7.00 pm*
*VENUE – Anna Nagar Tower Park, Anna Nagar, Chennai – 600040*

*ABOUT SOUNDARAPANDIAN BONE AND JOINT HOSPITAL*
Soundarapandian Bone and Joint Hospital has been providing excellent orthopedic care since its inception in 1983. With over 35 years of experience of caring for our patients, we have grown to be one of the premier orthopedic super specialty hospitals in India.

V. #BALAMURUGAN #9381811222

Apollo Cancer Centre, Teynampet observed Rose Day 

Apollo Cancer Centre, Teynampet observed Rose Day to spread the message that cancer is conquerable. Actor S.J Surya, Actor Varalakshmi Sarathkumar, Actor Sathish, Actor Mime Gopi, Actor Dharshan, Director Parthiban Desingu and Director Mohan Raja visited and interacted with the patients and gifted roses that marks the spirit of life, love and happiness. Rose Day is a celebration of life for cancer patients, perpetrated in the name of Melinda Rose, a Canadian born 14-year-old, who, though herself afflicted with cancer, spent her time spreading cheer and happiness all around her.

The courage, endurance and the spirit of children who have fought valiantly against cancer is celebrated each year on Rose Day, on the 22nd of September all over the world. Cancer survivors at Apollo Cancer Institute shared experiences of their fight against cancer and elaborated on how positive attitude, will power and strong support from family, friends & society played a crucial role in their recovery.

Speaking during the occasion Dr. Revathy Raj, Senior Consultant Pediatric Hematologist, Apollo Cancer Center, Said, “Each day we are inspired by the courage and optimism that our children show during their battlebattle against cancer. We are now poised to provide not just cure but intact survival. Over 80% of childhood cancers are curable and we should be partners to give each child a chance.”

Apollo Cancer Institute has joined hands to show appreciation to the patient families and donors who have struggled together to achieve miracle cures.

KeraSoul launches world’s first ever CRYO Detox treatment for Hair in Chennai on 6th September by Internationally

KeraSoul launches world’s first ever CRYO Detox treatment for Hair in Chennai on 6th September by Internationally-acclaimed Celebrity Hairstylist Savio John Pereira

Manisha and Sankalp Chopra, founders of KeraSoul, launched world’s first ever CRYO Detox treatment for Hair in Chennai on 6th September with Internationally-acclaimed Celebrity Hairstylist Savio John Pereira. The launch event also showcased a special fashion show with models styled by the hairstylist.

KeraSoul is a brain child of Manisha & Sankalp Chopra, conceived as their constant research to find a solution for their son’s suffering from Eczema with itchy scalp. While her research, Manisha met Savio and discussed about the most common complaints he comes across as a hairdresser. Thus, Manisha used her technical expertise as an Organic chemist and Sankalp’s Brand creation skills created the 1st of its kind CRYO Detox treatment in the world KeraSoul. Savio tried and tested KeraSoul product line at each and every step making sure it meets the world standards and does what it claims.

KeraSoul is a one stop solution for all your hair & scalp problems may it be Hair Fall, Bald Patches, Itchy Scalp, Dandruff, chemical & Heat damage, product build up, oily scalp, dry ends, damaged cuticles etc. The idea behind the CRYO Detox treatment is to detoxify your hair completely providing Health to hair naturally. It is an inverse Cooling technology where the CRYO is used at -196 degree Celsius not only to stimulate collagen but also to seal the hair cuticles with nutrition.

The KeraSoul CRYO detox treatment works on the principal of CLEANSE-NUTRITION-SEAL. The treatment is used to cleanse the scalp and hair first which your daily shampoos cannot perform, followed by providing the most potent nutrients and Vitamins to hair including Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Protein, Collagen and finally sealing them in the Hair follicles & cuticles, promoting Hair growth.

At KeraSoul, we believe that the mother nature has the power to Heal. There is a possibility of healing naturally. In today’s world colouring hair, using chemicals for various hair treatments, heated hair tools & chemically treated water is a part of life but the damage that comes along with it is painful but still ignored, which leads to thinning of hair, brittle hair ends, patchy hair colour, tremendous hair fall, bald patches & itchy scalp to name a few. KeraSoul Detox treatment will not only remove the toxins & gunk from the scalp, unclog hair follicles but also strengthen the hair bonds & deoxidise hair of patchy hair colour while balancing the natural oil & scalp PH Level.

KeraSoul CRYO Detox treatment is the 1st of its kind in the world (patent pending) In-salon treatment where the client can experience the cold fumes in their hair and find their hair frozen to heal & shine. It’s different from using Ice or Icy cold water on hair, as Ice is formed at Zero degree Celsius, therefore, it does not have power to seal or heal the way CRYO does with the help of CRYO activator Serums.

KeraSoul CRYO Detox treatment is created keeping in mind the most common Hair problems and a challenge to create the solution naturally.

 

Parvathy Hospital conducted a unique complicated multiple surgical treatment to a 20-year-old female patient

 

Chennai today announced that they had successfully conducted a unique complicated multiple surgical treatment to a 20-year-old female patient who sustained serious crush injury in her right arm with wrist drop due to Radial nerve injury, following a road traffic accident. A team of Orthopedic surgeons, Plastic surgeons headed by Dr. Dharmarajan, Director of Orthopedic Surgery, Dr. Mithun, Sr. Orthopaedic surgeon, and Dr. Arul, Sr. Plastic surgeon Parvathy Hospital, Chennai performed challenging procedures which enabled the patient to regain her hand mobility and successfully by avoiding upper limb amputation.

The young female patient, Ms. Ponniyammal, a resident of Kancheepuram, had earlier met with a road accident sustained serious crush injury. She also suffered a nerve cut and was unable to move her hand and lost her sensation. A team of orthopaedic doctors, Plastic surgeons examined the patient and found her right upper limb sustained crush injury and radial nerve injury. A comminuted compound fracture of right proximal humerus with wrist drop was also diagnosed and series of surgical procedures done.

Elaborating the procedures, Dr. Mithun, Sr. Orthopaedic Surgeon, Parvathy Hospital said, The patient was observed with a complete right arm crush and had loss of movement as well as sensation. Initially temporary stabilization of fracture done with external fixator and series of wound debridement procedures were performed by plastic surgeons team for removal of necrotic tissue and to promote wound healing, stage by stage in her right arm. Such debridement procedures were necessary to remove the dead material in her arm. Later SSG, the split skin grafting procedure was performed to cover deep structures, restore dynamic function of the arm and to prevent joint contractures.

Further Dr Mithun said, After a month of observation, an Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and bone grafting was performed to reconstruct the broken bones to bring them back to the normal position. This is an extremely complex situation in which we had successfully operated to heal properly and to regain normal function of her upper limb.

Dr. Dharmarajan, Director of Orthopedic Surgeon, Parvathy Hospital said, The treatment procedures were safe, rapid and very cost effective. It was a challenging task to reconstruct and to regain the mobility inspite of severe crush injury with nerve injury. We finally saved her crushed arm, the comminuted fractures healed well with reasonable functions in her upper limb. With these procedures, we avoided any kind of upper limb amputation thereby saving girls future”

Speaking on her recovery, the patient said, In spite of severe crush injury (for which amputation was suggested in other hospital), Doctors at Parvathy Hospital performed treatment by which I regained my upper limb and able to move my hand. I am confident that sooner I can resume my natural work.

BE THE BOOK by launch

 

Launch of BE THE BOOK by Padmini Viswanathan & Aparna Kamakshi in the presence of author V. Sriram & Mrs. Seetha Ravi (Kalki) at Odyssey, Adayar ,Saturday, 17th August 2019, 6.30 PM

Author Padmini Viswanathan launched her latest work, BE THE BOOK in association with late Aparna Kamakshi. Together, Aparna and Padmini have written BE THE BOOK the Self –Publishing route to Self Discovery. This book provides insights into the many ups and downs of Self-Publishing and of the lessons learnt in the process.

What started as a fun and informative book on self-publishing turned into a humorous story of a literary journey from the discovery of a love for writing to the eventual self-publishing of two books. Like every other journey, this book took the authors long varied paths of self- discovery.

For more details please contact 04424453191

Venue: Odyssey, Adayar

Date: 17th August 2019

Time: 6.30 pm

About Padmini Viswanathan

Padmini Viswanathan has been living in Chennai since her marriage in 1969. She has been writing for her personal pleasure since 40 years. She has had articles published in many publications. She published her first book “Nostalgia “ in 2014 and “Mylapore Lodge” in 2015. Now together Aparna and Padmini have written BE THE BOOK, the Self-Publishing route to Self Discovery. This book provides insights into the many ups and downs of Self-Publishing and of the lessons learnt in the process.

About Aparna Kamkshi

One of the most gracious persons, Aparna Kamakshi was humorous finding a practical satirical twist to every critical moment, a leading light for forbearance and an iron will. Never wasted a moment, Aparna was ever industrious. Wrote, stitched, painted, helped, mentored ( many times unknowingly) packed in more than most without much ado. Her patience with needle work & her ability to write on simple topics & relationships were admirable. She was an asset in every job she undertook.

 

சூப்பர் டான்ஸ் 2019 நடனப் போட்டி ஜேப்பியார் கல்லூரியில் ஆகஸ்ட் 18 ஆம் தேதி நடைபெறகிறது.

 

சென்னை –

சூப்பர் டான்ஸ் 2019 நடனப் போட்டி ஜேப்பியார் கல்லூரியில் ஆகஸ்ட் 18 ஆம் தேதி நடைபெறகிறது.

இந்த நடனப் போட்டி 5 வயதிற்கு மேற்பட்டோர் கலந்து கொள்கிறார்கள். இப்போட்டி ஜூனியர், சப்-ஜூனியர் , சீனியர் என மூன்று பிரிவுகளில் நடைபெற கிறது.

போட்டியில் பங்கு பெறும் நடுவர்கள், ஜுரிகள் தொடர்ச்சியாக இல்லாமல்  , போட்டியாளர்களுக்கு அறிமுகமில்லாதவர்கள்  நியமிக்கப்படுவார்கள். இதனால் நேர்மையான முறையில் போட்டியாளர்களை தேர்தெடுப்பர்.

இப்போட்டியின் தேர்வு முறை மற்றவர்களுக்கு முன்னுதாரணமாய் விளங்கும் என்று இப்போட்டியின் அமைப்பாளார் தெரிவித்தார்.

இறுதிப் போட்டியில்  நடுவராக விளங்கும் பிளாக் கூறுகையில்

தமிழகத்தில் இயல்பாகவே நடன திறமை  நிறைந்தவர்கள் அதிகம்பேர் உள்ளனர். அவர்களை வெளிச்சத்திற்கு  கொண்டு வருவதே இந்த நிகழ்ச்சியின் நோக்கமாகும். இதன் வாயிலாக தங்கள் பிள்ளைகளின் திறமைகளுக்கு தக்க இடம் கிடைைக்கும் என கனவு காணும் பெற்றோர்களுக்கு இது நல்ல அடிப்படைையாக அமையும்
இந்த நிகழ்வில் மற்றும் ஒரு நடுவர் பாம்பே பாஸ்கர் கூறுகையில்
இந்த நடனபோட்டியில் திறமையுள்ளவவர்கள் கலந்து கொள்ளுங்கள் என்று தெரிவித்தார். இந்த நிகழ்சியில்
நடன போட்டியின் முதன்மை செயல் அதிகாரி ஜாசர் கான் கலந்து கொண்டு போட்டியாளர்களை உற்சாக படுத்தினார்
இவர்களுடன் மாணவர்களின் பெற்றோர்கள் கலந்து கொண்டனர்….